Destructive Collaboration: Why Newspapers are Dying

People commonly confuse competition with conflict. Conflict is expensive and often avoidable, but competition is necessary to identify what is better. People's opinions about what is better differ, and truth only comes out of the crucible of competition. In competition, the wrong approaches die. Without competition, entire industries die because there are more wrong approaches than the right ones. For example, look a how newspapers are dying today. This is because, as this article explains, the AP prevents competition. The key quote:
But the real problem is not the number of newspapers we now have, but that they refuse to compete with each other, a symptom of the AP-created culture of collaboration over competition. For example, in any other business, if there were a highly successful paper in one city, it would be natural for it to expand to a nearby city to dethrone the leader. But as members of the same AP network, papers assume their cities belong to them, and no other member has the right to invade it. Even if a neighboring paper did invade, the AP network makes it nearly impossible for them to succeed through competition because all papers are essentially running the same stories anyway.