Internal Planning

The Different Concepts of Time in Competition and Organization

One of the key differences between adaptive force of competitive strategy and organizing force of management planning is their totally different conceptions of timing. In organization, timing is about the clock and the calendar: the planning and keeping of schedules. However, in competition, timing is about the moments that arise as a confluence of events: the dynamics of enviromental change. Ancient Greek has two different words for these two concepts of time. Kronos is the time of scheduling. Kairos is the time of moments.

The Balanced Score Card and Strategy Maps

The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and Strategy Maps are performance planning and measurement systems developed  by Robert S. Kaplan and David P. Norton in a series of articles and books, built around the general idea of Management by Objectives. These systems work to measure whether the smaller-scale activities of an organization work in terms of its larger-scale strategy.

Competitive Arenas: 


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